Which Injuries and Illnesses Are Recordable?

For an injury or illness to be a recordable, it must meet each of the following three criteria:

  1. It must be work-related.
  2. It must be a new case.
  3. It must meet the recordkeeping criteria.

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Injuries and Illnesses that occur in the workplace are presumed to be work-related. 29 CFR 1904.5(b)(2) has a list of exemptions to the work related rule.

Work-Related Injury
Workplace Injury and Illness Exemptions

New Case

An injury or illness is a new case if:

  • The employee has not previously experienced a recorded injury or illness of the same type that affects the same part of the body, or


  • The employee previously experienced a recorded injury or illness of the same type that affected the same part of the body but had recovered completely (all signs and symptoms had disappeared) from the previous injury or illness and an event or exposure in the work environment caused the signs or symptoms to reappear.
Injury Must Be A New Case

Recordkeeping Criteria

For an injury or illness to be recordable, it must meet one of the following criteria:

  • Death
  • Days away from work
  • Job restriction or transfer
  • Medical treatment beyond first aid
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Significant injury or illness diagnosed by medical professional
  • Needlestick or sharp incident involving potentially contaminated material
  • Medical removal due to a surveillance program
  • Occupational hearing loss
  • Work-related tuberculosis

Download OSHA Recordkeeping Forms